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Challenges and Sustainable Intervention in Cote d’Ivoire-Ghana Border Issues


This article examines the background to Ghana’s search for peaceful co-existence with Cote d’Ivoire after its attainment of independence in 1957. Relying mainly on information from archival and secondary documents and using the qualitative analysis technique, the article provides insights into the creation of the Cote d’Ivoire- Ghana international boundary. It investigates the landscapes of the kingdoms, empires and states between Cote d’Ivoire and Ghana that have been caught up in the complex geopolitical boundary problems and challenges. It also assesses the sustain- ability of the land conflict redress policies championed by Ghanaian governments. The study finds that colonial boundary issues worsened under Kwame Nkrumah, Ghana’s first president, compelling him to create a boundary re-demarcation commis- sion to resolve boundary issues. Border disputes persisted, necessitating the creation of another boundary re-demarcation commission in 1968. Relative peaceful Cote d’Ivoire-Ghana relations have since persisted, which is attributable, partly to the work of the Commission. One wonders if the relative peace is sustainable without a longer lasting scheme. This article examines the boundary issue and contributes to the study of Ghana’s relations with Cote d’Ivoire and colonial boundary issues in Africa.